Wednesday, December 17, 2014

What is Indian Cancer?

Facts about Oral Cancer
Oral cancer remains one of the most devastating and disfiguring of all malignancies. It has a higher ratio of deaths per cases than that of breast and cervical cancer. The rate of secondary cancer in these patients is also higher than that of any other malignancy. Mouth cancer has a long waiting period and spreads very quickly.

Risk Factors
·         Although the use of tobacco and alcohol are risk factors for the development of oral cancer, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and other institutions have found that smoking was by far the biggest culprit, causing 21% of overall deaths.
·         The incidence of oral cancer in women has increased significantly, largely due to an increase in women smoking.
·         Children and young adults in India have started chewing Gutkha, Paan, Beedi and Areca nuts, a concoction often wrapped in a Betel leaf and known as ‘Betel quid’. This habit has increased the incidence of oral cancer within the Asian sub-continent and 11 and 12-year-old children are now being seen with pre-cancerous growths after just two years of chewing. Chewing tobacco has always been seen as socially acceptable in India and families, generally unaware of the dangers, will share these products at the end of a meal, regarding them as little more than mouth refreshers.
·         Over the past decade, an increasing number of young, non-smokers have developed mouth and throat cancer associated with the human-papillomavirus or HPV.

Signs and Symptoms
An early indication of oral, head and neck cancer is one or more changes in the way the soft tissues of your mouth usually look or feel. Signs and symptoms may include:
·         A sore in your mouth that doesn’t heal or increases in size
·         Persistent pain in your mouth
·         Lumps or white, red or dark patches inside your mouth
·         Thickening of your cheek
·         Unusual bleeding, pain or numbness in the mouth
·         Difficulty chewing or swallowing or moving your tongue
·         Difficulty moving your jaw, or swelling or pain in your jaw
·         Soreness in your throat or feeling that something is caught in your throat
·         Pain around your teeth, or loosening of your teeth
·         Numbness of your tongue or elsewhere in your mouth
·         Changes in your voice
·         Pain in the ear without evidence of local ear problems
·         A lump in your neck
·         Bad breath
 These symptoms may be indicative of cancer or other, less serious conditions.

·         The best way to prevent oral cancer is to avoid tobacco and alcohol use.
·         Cut down on chewing betel-quid and avoid using tobacco in the ingredients
·         If you are going to chew betel-quid, don’t keep it in the mouth for long periods of time
·         Discourage children and young adults from chewing betel quid
·         Regular check-ups, including an examination of the entire mouth, are essential in the early detection of cancerous and pre-cancerous conditions.
·         Many types of abnormalities can develop in the oral cavity in the form of red or white spots.  Some are harmless and benign, some are cancerous, others are pre-cancerous, meaning they can develop into cancer if not detected early and removed.
·         Finding and removing tissues before they become cancerous can be one of the most effective methods for reducing the incidence of the disease.


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